Difference between revisions of "ສັງຄົມນິຍົມ"

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ລະບົບເສດຖະກິດສັງຄົມນິຍົມອາໄສລັດທິອົງການການຜະລິດເພື່ອໃຊ້ ໝາຍຄວາມວ່າ ຜະລິດສິນຄ້າແລະບໍລິການເພື່ອຕອບສະໜອງອຸປະສົງທາງເສດຖະກິດແລະຄວາມຈຳເປັນຂອງມະນຸດໂດຍກົງ ແລະລະບຸຄຸນຄ່າວັດຖຸຕາມຄຸນຄ່າການໃຊ້ປະໂຫຍດ ຫຼືອັດຖະປະໂຫຍດ ເຊິ່ງກົງຂ້າມກັບການຜະລິດມາເພື່ອສະສົມທຶນແລະເພື່ອກຳໄລ.<ref>"Socialism and Capitalism: Are They Qualitatively Different Socioeconomic Systems?", by Kotz, David M. Retrieved February 19, 2011, from University of Massachusetts: http://people.umass.edu/dmkotz/Soc_and_Cap_Diff_Syst_06_12.pdf: "This understanding of socialism was held not just by revolutionary Marxist socialists but also by evolutionary socialists, Christian socialists, and even anarchists. At that time, there was also wide agreement about the basic institutions of the future socialist system: public ownership instead of private ownership of the means of production, economic planning instead of market forces, production for use instead of for profit."</ref> ໃນແນວຄິດເດີມຂອງເສດຖະກິດສັງຄົມນິຍົມ ມີການປະສານງານ ການເຮັດບັນຊີ ແລະການປະເມີນຄ່າຢ່າງດຽວກັນໂດຍປະລິມານທາງກາຍະພາບຮ່ວມ (common physical magnitude) ຫຼືການແທກແຮງງານ-ເວລາແທນການຄຳນວນທາງການເງິນ.<ref>''Market Socialism: The Debate Among Socialists'', by Schweickart, David; Lawler, James; Ticktin, Hillel; Ollman, Bertell. 1998. From "The Difference Between Marxism and Market Socialism" (pp. 61–63): "More fundamentally, a socialist society must be one in which the economy is run on the principle of the direct satisfaction of human needs...Exchange-value, prices and so money are goals in themselves in a capitalist society or in any market. There is no necessary connection between the accumulation of capital or sums of money and human welfare. Under conditions of backwardness, the spur of money and the accumulation of wealth has led to a massive growth in industry and technology ... It seems an odd argument to say that a capitalist will only be efficient in producing use-value of a good quality when trying to make more money than the next capitalist. It would seem easier to rely on the planning of use-values in a rational way, which because there is no duplication, would be produced more cheaply and be of a higher quality."</ref><ref>{{cite book |last= Bockman|first= Johanna |title= Markets in the name of Socialism: The Left-Wing origins of Neoliberalism|publisher= Stanford University Press|year= 2011|isbn= 978-0-8047-7566-3}}</ref> ມີສອງຂໍ້ສະເໜີໃນການກະຈາຍຜົນຜະລິດ ໜຶ່ງ ຍຶດຕາມຫຼັກທີ່ວ່າໃຫ້ກະຈາຍແກ່ແຕ່ລະຄົນຕາມການເຂົ້າມີສ່ວນຮ່ວມ ແລະສອງ ຍຶດຕາມຫຼັກຜະລິດຈາກທຸກຄົນຕາມຄວາມສາມາດ ໃຫ້ແກ່ທຸກຄົນຕາມຄວາມຈຳເປັນ. ວິທີການຈັດສັນແລະປະເມີນຄ່າຊັບພະຍາກອນຢ່າງແນ່ຊັດ ຍັງເປັນຫົວຂໍ້ຖົກຖຽງໃນການຖົກຖຽງການຄຳນວນສັງຄົມນິຍົມທີ່ກວ້າງກວ່າ.
 
== ອ້າງອີງ ==
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